On July 6 2005 Jacques Rogge announced: ‘the Games of the XXXth Olympiad in 2012 are awarded to the city of…London.'
Olympic Games will take place from 27 July-12 Aug 2012 and Paralympic Games will take place from 29 Aug-9 Sept 2012 |
The main features “ The Olympic park- An extraordinary feat of engineering” are clearly identifiable. The first thing you see is the stadium itself: a sunken bowl surmounted by a cradle of white struts. It will seat around 80,000 people during the Games but that entire cradle can be unscrewed and dismantled after the games, leaving a smaller, 25,000-seat arena in the bowl.
The center of the London Games will be Olympic Park in Stratford, East London.
6 major venues that will comprise the Park are:-
There will also be an Olympic Village to house the athletes.
- Olympic Stadium
- Aquatics Centre
- Hockey Centre
- Basketball Arena
- Handball Arena
- London Velopark .
Regeneration of East London
Olympic park will span two million square metres or 500 acres, of the Lower Lea Valley. After the Games, the park will provide opportunities for education, cultural development, training and jobs. The park is designed to enrich the local ecology in addition to a cleanup of the River Lea and the surrounding area. Communities around the park that are currently divided by trunk roads will be reunited by a series of land bridges, leading to a more cohesive, people-friendly site.
It is expected that millions of sports enthusiast will visit London and UK in 2012. They are maximizing the existing public transport, such as rail, light rail, walking and cycling, bus and coach. River service operators and the taxi industry are also included to provide more travel options to visitors.
Traveling by public transport, or by walking or cycling, is encouraged during games to deliver a more sustainable Games.
Olympic Stadium will seat approximately 80,000 spectators. Once the London Olympics are completed, stadium is designed to be reduced to a 25,000 capacity venue, it will be unique in that.
The Aquatics Centre, to the south-east of the park will contain two 50m pools and a 25m diving pool and associated facilities such as prep rooms and changing areas with seating for around 17,500 which will be reduced to 3,500 after the games.The stadium will cost £303m to construct. The building will have a sinuous S-shaped roof resembling a manta ray which will be a new London landmark.
The main Velodrome for the London Olympic park has been designed with a concave timber roof and has been dubbed the ‘Pringle’. This will form the centrepiece of a larger cycling path including a BMX course and will seat 6,000 spectators (the BMX arena will also have 6,000 seats that will be removed after the games).
Following the games the venue will be retained and will have a 2km road cycle circuit added along with a mountain bike course, which will link into cycle paths across London.
Three Olympic indoor arenas will host volleyball, handball, basketball and modern pentathlon. Two of the arenas are temporary. The third will become a permanent home for a host of indoor sporting competitions. A separate hockey complex will feature a main stadium with seating for 20,000.
The five retained venues are set to form the London Olympic Institute.
Housing and infrastructure
The Olympic and Paralympic Villages will provide accommodation for 17,800 athletes and officials,within walking distance. The Athletes village will be incorporated as part of the parallel 73 acre Stratford City development being undertaken in the area.
Before 2012 (phase one) there will also be 10ha of open space including five parks, squares, tree-lined streets, a water feature, courtyards and roof gardens.
Transport will include a new DLR station, high-speed 1 'Javelin shuttle service to central London (seven minutes), 2,500 parking spaces, new bus routes and a host of cycle paths and pedestrian footpaths.
After the Olympics (phase two) further development will include an additional 1,000 houses, a health centre, 370,000m² of commercial space and a 90,000m² hotel.
Olympic Park will be transformed into one of the largest urban parks created in Europe for more than 150 years, designed to enrich the local ecology, by restoring wetland habitats and planting native species.
A new university will be founded to make use of the sporting facilities and high-tech communications infrastructure remaining after the Olympics, and will specialise in sport science, digital media and green technology.
The sports facilities will be made open for use by local sports clubs and societies.
The Olympic Village will be converted into 3,600 apartments in the Stratford City development.
The Park will be home to the ArcelorMittal Orbit, a steel tower which when completed will be the largest public work of art in the UK.