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History of 10 Downing Street

About History of 10 Downing Street



10 Downing Street is the official residence and office of the First Lord of the Treasury of the United Kingdom, which as colloquially referred to as “Number 10” in the United Kingdom. Located on Downing Street in the City of Westminster it is the head office of ‘Her Majesty's Government’ and is the residence of the Prime Minister who is now always the First Lord of the Treasury. One of the most famous addresses in the UK and as well as the world, 10 Downing Street is a name to reckon with.

History of 10 Downing Street Timeline



The building that is nearly 300 years old consists of around 100 rooms’ hosts a private residence on the third floor and a kitchen in the basement. The other floors host the offices of the Prime Minister along with conference rooms, sitting and dining rooms and a reception area. The Prime Minister works and meets government ministers, the officials, national leaders and foreign dignitaries in the offices that are spread in the floors of the building. The building also hosts an interior courtyard and a backyard terrace covering a half-acre garden. 10 Downing Street is very close to the Palace of Westminster neighboring St. James’s Park. It is also situated very close to Houses of Parliament, and Buckingham Palace, the official London residence of the British Monarch.

Originally, Number 10 was three houses. King George II offered the houses to Sir Robert Walpole, who accepted the gift on one condition. He said, the houses need to be given as a gift to the office of First Lord of the Treasury rather than a personal gift to him. Walpole then custom-made the three houses together in one large house, which is known to the world by the name of 10 Downing Street. However, the plan did not register an immediate success. In spite of its size and a very suitable location near the Parliament’s a very less number of Prime Minister lived there. The reason owing to its neglect in maintenance and run down, 10 Downing Street was even under the threat of being demolished several times.

However, despite failures and not registering an immediate success, 10 Downing Street lived on and became a residence of many political leaders. Prime Minister Margaret Thatch had stated in the year 1985 that 10 Downing had become “one of the most precious jewels in the national heritage.”



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