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London Underground

About London Underground


London Underground is a speedy and swift transportation system aiming to connect a large part of Greater London to the neighboring areas of Hertfordshire, Buckinghamshire, and Essex in UK. The London underground first opened to the world in the year 1963 and was the first to operate electric trains. London Underground is colloquially referred to as the ‘Tube’, though it never denoted to the whole underground transportation system. However, presently the underground transportation system is referred to as the ‘Tube’.

The tracks or lines of the Underground system were built by various private companies, which became a part of the integrated transport system in 1933 when the London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) or London Transport was created. The underground railways became a separate and sole entity in the year 1985 after the London Underground Limited (LUL) was created by the UK government. LUL, since 2003 has been operating as the wholly owned subsidiary of Transport for London (TFL), the legal corporation managing the transport system of Greater London. The corporation is run by a board and a commissioner selected by the Mayor of London.

The Underground network presently has 270 stations under its belt and covers around 400kms of track, which earns it the title of being the second longest metro system in the world by route length. The underground network also witnessed more than one billion of passengers in the year 2007, a record that makes it the third busiest metro system in Europe. The London Underground map with its non-geographical layout and color-coded lines is also considered as a classic in design and has been an inspiration to many of the worldwide transportation map.



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